Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of concerns It is important to tell apart interviews as a way of gathering interviewing and information as a genre. In the 1st case, meeting, this is certainly, interaction with individuals, is regarded as 3 ways to have information with a researcher. Two different ways are:
- observation, if the researcher himself is an eyewitness regarding the occasion,
- working together with documents, in which the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.
Kinds of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as a technique paperwriter™ of data gathering in turn are split into:
- genre (for preparation of text when you look at the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to determine the characteristics of an individual, then to mirror them when you look at the text).
The reportage interview was discussed when you look at the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative will find out in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview being a genre, as a real way of text formatting by means of concerns from the interviewer as well as the answers of this interlocutor. In the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the range questions for the researcher is minimized (often they are no after all), during the other pole – a conversation, as soon as the journalist not merely asks questions, but additionally talks much with long arguments.
The truth that the interview is a discussion, shows about the exact same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion could be conducted with a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so your opinion of this journalist has also been interesting to readers, once the opinion regarding the interlocutor. If a regular journalist speaks just as much or even more in an meeting as an interlocutor, that is a indication of inadequate qualification.
Types of interviews with regards to the topic. Subject interview
Depending on the topic, you will find three forms of interviews:
Topic of the topic interview is their state of things in almost any field of task. Often it is an interview with an expert, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist exactly as much as he’s related to this continuing situation. For example, a police informs just how to protect a condo from thieves. The physician explains just how to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast the length of time the crisis will undoubtedly be regarding the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on problems that deviate through the meeting subject, nor the personal life of the interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling associated with the topic interview consists of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there clearly was a parsing for the subject for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The interview that is subject aided by the streamlining of what was said, summarizing, practical suggestions to readers.
The hero associated with subject interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This might be a given information meeting, one of the news genres. The duty regarding the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the important points and information on what occurred. As with the truth of a specialist, the interlocutor’s interaction because of the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, as well as the ending is specialized in general impressions of what occurred therefore the conclusions that the interlocutor made.