Marriage equality law in Vermont took effect on September 1, 2009. Since then, couples can obtain Vermont marriage licenses, and civil union licenses where outlawed in the state. Vermont was the fist state that introduced civil unions in July 200, and the first to introduce same-sex marriage enacting a statute without being required to do so by a court decision. Court decisions (not legislation) led to same-sex marriage legalization.
Vermont has been a leader among U.S. jurisdictions in protecting the rights of gays and lesbians. In 1993, its Supreme Court established second parent adoption rights allowing someone in a same-sex relationship to adopt his or her partner’s biological children.
A comprehensive UCLA March 2009 study concluded that extending marriage to same-sex couples would boost Vermont’s economy by over $30.6 million in business activity over three years, which would in turn generate increases in state and local government sales tax and fee revenues by $3.3 million and create approximately 700 new jobs.